Annotated Bibliography On How Women Are Portrayed In Media And Reality Show

Published: 2021-07-06 16:40:05
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Category: Education, Women, Media, Literature, Society, Books, Television, Reality

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The media and reality shows portray women in different ways. Initially, women were portrayed as objects that could be easily manipulated by men. Women are usually degraded in terms of the representations or portrayal that they get from the media and reality shows. Most of the representations show that women are valued by their body and not the brain or talent that they may have. Some of the reality shows also do not encourage the young women to get a life and become better people in the society. Women portrayal in the media and reality shows has also been a subject of controversy for quite some time. Some of the sociologists who have some interest in gender roles have shown that women play a very important role in any setting of a show or play. They act as supporting characters and also as potential leaders who are struggling in order to be accepted and recognized. In most reality television films, women are depicted as people who need male validation, people who are stupid and they are also depicted as mere gold diggers with nothing good to show. Some of the reality shows also depict women as commodities. The television generally gives women a false impression of love. Black women in reality show are depicted in two different ways, either as the bitchy black woman or as a diva.
In the following annotated bibliography, several books, articles and journals are analyzed to give a glimpse of the type of representation that the media often give women in their casting. In our study we are going to analyze several shows touching on women and gender studies.
Annotated Bibliography
Baruch, Grace K.; Biener, Lois; Barnett, Rosalind C. American Psychologist, Vol 42(2), Feb 1987, 130-136.
This article shows the position of women in the society in the olden days. According to the article, women were not regarded to be very important in the society. The article also shows how the failure to build women to conceptual models contributed towards the impaired understanding of the role that women played in the society. The article mainly focuses on the biasness that existed in relation to women in the society as represented by the media. This article has been very successful in showing the readers the position that women occupied in the society and the role that they played. However, recent publications have contradicted the information in this article as women are nowadays regarded as being equal to men and different chores can be shared between both genders.
Rachel E. Dubrofsky. The Surveillance of Women on Reality Television: Watching The Bachelor and The Bachelorette. Lexington Books Publishers; 2011
The scholar, Rachel Dubrofsky delivers a very insightful and elaborative contribution to growing literature in the reality television. This book reveals how women are portrayed in the reality Television play of the “The Bachelor and The Bachelorette.” According to the author, the reality Television show seems like a play whereby every season is characterized by women who are just looking for love. She further adds that women are portrayed to be more emotional as compared to their male counterparts. This book is a very good analysis of the depiction of women in a reality Television show “The Bachelor and The Bachelorette.”
Citron, Michelle. "Fleeing from Documentary: Autobiographical Film/Video and the "Ethics of Responsibility." In: Feminism and documentary / Diane Waldman and Janet Walker, editors. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009
In this article, Feminism takes center stage and most men are seen as chauvinists. The author of the article gives a representation of the developments that has taken place in the media industry in the recent past. The author shows us that the portrayal of women in the media has significantly changed and nowadays women can take up main characters in a show and be given leadership roles. This is in contrary to the representation and portrayal that women used to get in the past whereby they were considered as simply objects. The author has been very successful in her representation about the changes that have taken place in the media and reality shows.
Krawitz, Jan. "Juggling Gender." Journal of Film and Video v45, n2-3 2006 113
This article gives the unwritten rules which are governing the American men and women. It also provides a discussion on the impermanence of work which is done by women as they explore the concept of human symbolic gender construction (p. 2). This book examines the causes and the consequences of different types of portrayal that women get from the media. This article also examines the information presented in the show “Middle Sexes: Redefining He and She.” In the analysis, the author explores the lives of those people who have chosen not to conform to the rigid gender concepts. Top of Form
Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture, Free Press, 2006.
This book gives a representation of an empowered woman who embraces a ‘raunch culture’ whenever an opportunity strikes. This book shows that female chauvinist regard women as sex objects. According to the book the rise of the raunch culture does not look at the women’s past in terms of where they have come from but instead looks at what is still left for them to cover. The book shows women to be portrayed as people of a weaker gender whereby they are only regarded as sex tools for their male counterparts to seek satisfaction from. This book is bold in terms of the examination that it offers to the way women are perceived in the 21st century. The author carried out an insight overview of and visited several places that she recalls in her analysis. She manages to show how women are used as sex tools by both the males and even fellow women who are lesbians. She also manages in the book to show the readers some of the roles that women often aspire to achieve.
Daisy Hernandez Top of Form Colonize This!: Young Women of Color on Today's Feminism
This is an analysis of the negative portrayal that women got from the media prior to the 70s feminist movement based on their color. Most women were given negative representation especially if they were colored. According to the author, the feminist movement was aimed at changing this kind of perception that women were given. Women therefore came out in large numbers to condemn such negative portrayal that became the foundation the movements thus the change in media representations. Currently, most media and TV shows portray women from all races as equal people without any kind of discrimination.
This article is also a very good material for anyone who wants to study the history of the feminist movement and the changes that it brought to the society. Currently there are also several campaigns that have been initiated by the movement in order to completely remove the negative portrayal that people had on women especially to those ones from the colored races.
Henry Jenkins. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Intersect. Routledge Publishers, 2004
This book lays out the cultural biases which are promoted by reality TV on gender, race and class among other social affiliations. It also shows how the biases may shape the readers’ perceptions of who they are and the values that they may posses. This book arms the readers with the required tools for the understanding of the stereotypes that may exist in reality TV shows. According to the author, women are often portrayed as ‘go-getters’ (people who will go for what they want and will never give up until they get them no matter the circumstances that may hinder them from achieving their targets).
This book is a very witty resource that is unbiased in the way that it represents information in the book. The author successfully manages to portray the true characters of women and the things that they are capable of doing.
Rachel E. Dubrofsky (Author) Trina Robbins. › Visit Amazon's Ariel Levy Page
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Top of Form
Great Women Cartoonists. Watson-Guptil Publishers. 2001
Women have been known to be less resourceful when it comes to invention of new ideas. However, in the book, the author manages to show the contributions of the women in the media industry. The portrayal that women have had in the reality shows has also been in line with this notion whereby women are considered to be weaker and insignificant as compared to their male counterparts. The author has also managed to show that women can perform better than even their male counterparts in some areas of media production. Even though women were portrayed as objects in the ancient casts, the author has successfully managed to show the readers that the trend is slowly changing and sooner than later women will be riding higher than even the men.
Thomas de Zengotita. Mediated: How the Media Shapes Our World and the Way We Live in It. Bloomsbury USA, 2006
This book shows how media has managed to create some self reflective environments which are customized to fit different people in the society. This book also analyses the messages that are sent to the American women through TV programs and advertisements in the television. It also takes an insight overview at their influence in the lives of the women. According to the author women have been raised in a generation whereby they see themselves as bimbos and are currently being fed with lots of conflicting information about their status in the society. Initially, media represented the women as people who did not realize their position in the society and could be easily manipulated by the men. However, the same media has been on the fore front trying to educate women on their rights and their values. This has greatly changed the perception that women have towards life and other aspects of life.
This is a well written analysis that looks at the effects of mass-media on women in different platforms. According to the author there is a progressive change in the way women are portrayed in media. The book is very resourceful and unbiased as it shows the transformations that have taken place in the media from the wrong portrayal of women to the current portrayal of women who know their rights, understand and appreciates their values.
Conclusion
The media and reality shows portrayal of women in the past has had some controversies as women were treated as people from a weaker gender that did not have rights of expression. In some cases they were seen as objects or sex tools for the men to seek comfort. However, the situation has greatly changed and the same media that gave women negative portrayal is now carrying out campaigns in order to stamp out the notion. The media is on the fore front promoting gender equality, a campaign that has been very successful. Today media portrays women to be equal to men and in some cases even perform better than men.
How women are portrayed in media and reality show.
Women are portrayed as a weaker gender in most of the media and reality shows. In some situations, they are portrayed as se tools or objects which are used by men and then left once the men have received the satisfaction. However, the situation has greatly changed as will be shown in subsequent sections of this research. In this research, I am going to analyze the dating film, “The Bachelor and The Bachelorette.”
Purposes
Many media houses and TV producers have been showing films and shows which are gender biased. Women are not considered as people who also have rights but just seen as tools that can be used by men at will. In this research, I will explore how media and reality shows portray women in their casts. In particular, I am going to put more emphasis on the evolvement that has been witnessed in the media industry as far as women representation is concerned. This study is also going to give an insight on the way media perception about women has changed and the changes that it has brought to the society.
Background
I will conduct the study in various media houses and through interactions with various players in the media industry. A large part of the study will be based on show and film reviews that touch on the gender issues. The shows to be analyzed will be acquired from different places with a varied type of setting. This will help in giving an unbiased view of how women are portrayed in different reality shows coming from different parts of the globe. I am going to analyze shows that were cast in different periods of time so as to see whether there is any difference in terms of women portrayal in the ancient shows and the most recent ones.
Scope: I will engage in participant participation for a period of about two weeks interacting with some cast starts and analyzing their shows. This will help me to gather first hand information on the theme and perception portrayed in the shows. I will also schedule structured interviews to help me in collecting more views from different sources.
Theoretical Framework
In this study I will be guided by the interpretive perspective and by the Alvesson’s situational approach. This will help me in analyzing the shows and interpreting them in the best possible way. This approach will also help me in getting the underlying meanings and themes presented in the show. I am going to put more emphasis on observation of the characters in order to understand why each of the events takes place as casted and the message that the actors and actresses are trying to bring home.
Method
In this study, I am going to use the following methodology to carry out the research
i. Conducting a literature review on different shows which have both male and female characters
ii. Carry out an observation of the roles of each of the characters
iii. Interview actors and actresses involved in the casting of the shows or reality shows
iv. Carry out a situational analysis of the field notes and notes collected during the interviews
v. Write down a research report on the relevance of the study based on the topic being studied.
The Bachelor and The Bachelorette
In the show, “The Bachelor and The Bachelorette”, women are considered as tools used by men for satisfaction. Unmarried men in the show are like wild mustangs who charge lustily through life in search for different varieties of sweet and luscious grasses. The luscious grasses referred to here are no doubt the women. Women are also depicted in the show as people who are spunky and self-determined who will always get what they want whenever they need them. They are however not swayed or swindled by wealth. Jimmy remarks that “his exes are spunky self determined group who do not lose consciousness at the viewpoint of being tied by legally to the $100 million. Women are also viewed as cartoons of the late 90s. This show is a good date show and can help couples find very useful information that can help them understand each other better and make wise decisions in the course of their relationship.
In the show the Bachelor and the Bachelorette, women are also depicted as unprincipled and no matter the ill treatments that they get from their male counterparts, they are however not ready to give up their desires. The bachelorette who was looking for love makes several short visits to the Asian hot spot with lots of regrets. The show is a very good depiction of how women are regarded in the society. Women however, are not ready to let go their desires and no matter what kind of treatment they get from their male counterparts, they are still willing and wishing to love the men.
In general from the show, we can see that women are regarded as committed lovers and once they love a man and they get heart broken, it is not easy for them to rub off such memories from their minds. It took Ashley sometime to get off the memories of the man who broke up her heart. However, after sometime she was able to get over it and be able to make a new date.
Trends
The shows that were analyzed have some common trend in the way information is being presented in them. The three shows show women as people who are only valued if they are beautiful and intelligent. However, if a woman lacks of any of the above properties, then they are negatively portrayed and seen as people without charisma who can be entrusted with leadership both at the family level and also in the society.
Work Cited List
Ariel Levy. Top of Form
Baruch, Grace K.; Biener, Lois; Barnett, Rosalind C. American Psychologist, Vol 42(2), Feb 1987, 130-136.
Citron, Michelle. "Fleeing from Documentary: Autobiographical Film/Video and the "Ethics of Responsibility." In: Feminism and documentary / Diane Waldman and Janet Walker, editors. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009
Colonize This!: Young Women of Color on Today's Feminism
Daisy Hernandez Top of Form
Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture, Free Press, 2006.
Gail Dines and Jean M. Top of Form
Gender, Race, and Class in Media: A Critical Reader. Sage Publications. 2010
Great Women Cartoonists. Watson-Guptil Publishers. 2001
Henry Jenkins. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Intersect. Routledge Publishers, 2004
Krawitz, Jan. "Juggling Gender." Journal of Film and Video v45, n2-3 2006 113
Rachel E. Dubrofsky Top of Form
The Surveillance of Women on Reality Television: Watching The Bachelor and The Bachelorette. Lexington Books Publishers, 2011.
Thomas de Zengotita. Mediated: How the Media Shapes Our World and the Way We Live in It. Bloomsbury USA, 2006

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